Eczema and atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema and is the most common chronic skin disease in children. It is commonly related to an allergy to the protein in cow's milk, but it can also be the result of heat, an immune system disorder, medication or an infection.
Here's what to look for:
- Itchy bumps, blisters or very dry skin.
- Skin appears red to brownish-gray and may leak fluid, which may crust over when your baby scratches.
- Often found on the cheeks, forehead or scalp, but may also be found around the elbow joint, wrists, or behind the knees and ears.
Hives and angioedema
Hives are no fun. They look like raised white or red bumps or welts, and can show up anywhere on the body to cause itchiness and discomfort. They can appear because of an allergic reaction, but they also might be caused by heat.
Angioedema—associated with hives—looks like extra swelling typically around the face, but also may be found on hands, feet or genitals.
Contact your baby’s doctor if you believe your baby is having an allergic reaction and/or atopic dermatitis, hives or angioedema.
Diaper rash is a real pain, so try to address sooner rather than later and avoid situations where it may arise. Diaper rash typically appears as redness or small bumps in your baby’s diaper area, and is most often caused by leaving a wet or dirty diaper on for too long. Mild diaper rash will typically resolve on its own in 3 to 4 days with proper care.
- Clean your baby’s bottom with a soft, damp cloth after every dirty diaper. Avoid diaper wipes which may increase irritation. Pat—don’t rub your baby’s sensitive area.
- Change your baby’s diaper frequently.
- Expose their bottom to air as much as possible.
- Apply a thick layer of a protective ointment or cream designed for diaper rashes to the affected area.
Call the doctor if the rash:
- Doesn’t resolve within 48 to 72 hours.
- Appears with blisters or pus-filled sores.
- Occurs when your baby is on antibiotics—it could be a yeast infection.
- Is accompanied by fever or pain.